Spasticity is a health problem that causes you to have more muscle tone or stiffness than normal. It may make it hard to move or talk. It may also cause discomfort or pain. In most cases, spasticity is caused by damage to nerve pathways in the brain or spinal cord that control your muscles.

Conditions that may lead to severe spasticity include:

  • Multiple sclerosis.
  • Cerebral palsy.
  • Brain or spinal cord injuries like stroke or trauma.

Spasticity treatment options may include use of baclofen, a muscle relaxant. Baclofen may be taken either orally (by mouth) or by injection. In cases of severe spasticity, your doctor may suggest an intrathecal baclofen (ITB) pump. If spasticity is caused by traumatic brain injury, wait at least 1 year after injury before you consider ITB Therapy. Discuss treatment options with your doctor.

ITB Therapy is a service mark of Medtronic, Inc.